The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. And we pay special regard to those laws that are for the protection of the oppressed and to all the unwritten laws that we know bring disgrace upon the transgressor when they are broken.
Although Thucydides records the speech in the first person as if it were a word for word record of what Pericles said, there can be little doubt that he edited the speech at the very least.
It is fortunate however that the great city would allowed to live and eventually recover. Whether to regain this tribute, or simply to assert Athenian leadership, Pericles summoned a conference of all Greek states to consider the questions of rebuilding the Greek temples destroyed by the Persians, the payment of sacrifices due to the gods for salvation, and the freedom of the seas.
Perhaps no other city or culture has enjoyed such a fertile period of genius and brilliance in so many different disciplines. Despite the words of Pericles, Athens would suffer greatly in the coming years.
The accusation was that Cimon betrayed his city by aiding Sparta. A city that makes its friendships by accepting help is not so trustworthy.
Perhaps outbid in his search for popular support, Xanthippus was ostracized in bce, though he returned in to command the Athenian force at Mycale inprobably dying soon after. Numberless are the chances to which, as they know, the life of man is subject; but fortunate indeed are they who draw for their lot a death so glorious as that which has caused your mourning, and to whom life has been so exactly measured as to terminate in the happiness in which it has been passed.
We all join in debate about the affairs of the city, as they deserve, or at least we participate in the decisions.
Election to public office is made on the basis of ability, not on the basis of membership to a particular class. It is called a democracy, because not the few but the many govern. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.
Cimon died afterduring his last campaign against Persia. This message has been repeated through the ages. But what was the road by which we reached our position, what the form of government under which our greatness grew, what the national habits out of which it sprang; these are questions which I may try to solve before I proceed to my panegyric upon these men; since I think this to be a subject upon which on the present occasion a speaker may properly dwell, and to which the whole assemblage, whether citizens or foreigners, may listen with advantage.
The obvious purpose of these proposals was the instigation of a confrontation between Pericles and the people; this event, indeed, would come about a few years later. Pericles goes to great lengths to detail the glory and the esteem of the Athenian empire.
The audience is then dismissed. Euboea and Megara revolted. In our private affairs, then, we are tolerant and avoid giving offense. Thucydides says early in his History that the speeches presented are not verbatim records, but are intended to represent the main ideas of what was said and what was, according to Thucydides, "called for in the situation".
Our public men have, besides politics, their private affairs to attend to, and our ordinary citizens, though occupied with the pursuits of industry, are still fair judges of public matters; for, unlike any other nation, regarding him who takes no part in these duties not as unambitious but as useless, we Athenians are able to judge at all events if we cannot originate, and, instead of looking on discussion as a stumbling-block in the way of action, we think it an indispensable preliminary to any wise action at all.
And the brave Athenian soldiers, even when fighting on foreign soil, have little trouble overcoming their adversaries. We have never had any aliens' laws to exclude anyone from finding our or seeking anything here, nor any secrets of the city that an enemy might find out about and use to his advantage.
Pericles gives another explanation by explaining that the merits of the great city reflect the merits of the lost. The freedom we enjoy in our government extends also to our ordinary life. For myself, I should have thought that the worth which had displayed itself in deeds would be sufficiently rewarded by honours also shown by deeds; such as you now see in this funeral prepared at the people's cost.
Lastly, there are few parts of our dominions that have not been augmented by those of us here, who are still more or less in the vigour of life; while the mother country has been furnished by us with everything that can enable her to depend on her own resources whether for war or for peace.
Our concern for our private affairs is balanced by our involvement with the affairs of the city. Political and military achievements There was a break in tensions for the moment.
You, their survivors, must determine to have as unfaltering a resolution in the field, though you may pray that it may have a happier outcome.
Finally, Pericles proposed to reimburse the city for all questionable expenses from his private property, with the proviso that he would make the inscriptions of dedication in his own name. Even people who are mostly occupied with their own business are extremely well informed on political matters.
Perhaps no other city or culture has enjoyed such a fertile period of genius and brilliance in so many different disciplines. Its conduct toward other peoples is going to be governed not by good will, but merely by its grudging sense of obligation.
The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. He spends ample time detailing the fear that must have raced through their minds, and how they swiftly abandoned that fear for courage and valor.
The living have envy to contend with, while those who are no longer in our path are honoured with a goodwill into which rivalry does not enter. Pericles Funeral Oration In the fifth century BCE the city of Athens was lead by a man named Pericles.
Funerals after great battles were held as a public event where any citizen of Athens, stranger or relative to the fallen heroes, was invited to take place.
The historian Thucydides wrote about the speech of Pericles in his “History of the Peloponnesian War.” Thucydides wrote that the speech was reproduced from his memory and was a loose account only.
This speech became known as Pericles' Funeral Oration, and it occurred in B.C., just after the start of war. PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION 71 PERICLES’ FUNERAL ORATION THUCYDIDES (c. –c. BC) 71 _____ in which ucydides had Pericles compare Athens and Sparta.
However, as he wrote in Book I, “I have put into the mouth of each speaker the funeral for those who had been the first to die in the war.
ese funerals are held. Pericles' Funeral Oration is a famous speech from Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War. The speech was delivered by Pericles at the end of the first year of the Peloponnesian War ( Although democracy was developing in Athens long before Pericles, his initiatives allowed it to flourish and, as it did, so did Athenian culture.
Cultural Achievements. During the Age of Pericles, Athens blossomed as a center of education, art, culture, and democracy. 11 days ago · Pericles describes that in Athens any man, no matter his station in life, can find a way to strive within society.
Pericles explains “Neither is poverty an obstacle, but a man may benefit his country whatever the obscurity of his condition.”.Pericles on athens in the funeral