Lambert's army began to desert him, and he returned to London almost alone. After that point, Dryden suffered for his conversions, and he was the victim of many satires.
John Dryden — is the most prominent figure, bringing modern literature to England from the s to s. Top-down history[ edit ] The Restoration is an unusual historical period, as its literature is bounded by a specific political event: On the one hand, there was an attempt at recovering the English literature of the Jacobean periodas if there had been no disruption; but, on the other, there was a powerful sense of novelty, and authors approached Gallic models of literature and elevated the literature of wit particularly satire and parody.
Restoration theatre became a way to celebrate the end of Puritan rule, with its strict moral codes. They stand out with their wit and well-bred grace. Coincidentally or by design, England began to have newspapers just when William came to court from Amsterdamwhere there were already newspapers being published.
Comedic plays relied on situational humor: The Good-natured Man - a man is stupidly cheated by the false poor people and thus cannot afford paying his billsShe Stoops to Conquer — mistaking of the private house for an inn. In due course the post playwrights were to find their own scourge in Jeremy Collierwhose A Short View of the Immorality and Profaneness of the English Stage comprehensively indicted the Restoration stage tradition.
Rich as the town which gives the Indies name, With silver paved, and all divine with gold. When civil fury first grew high, And men fell out, they knew not why; When hard words, jealousies, and fears, Set folks together by the ears, And made them fight, like mad or drunk, For Dame Religion, as for punk; Whose honesty they all durst swear for, Though not a man of them knew wherefore: Although this book probably does too little to get beyond the dichotomy of Christian freewill and oppressive institutional power structures it does give a clear idea of the different notions of kingship with which Paradise Lost engages.
Henry Muddiman was the first to succeed in a regular news paper with the London Gazette. The industry of religious tract writing, despite official efforts, did not reduce its output. Castelreagh refused to go to Troppau or to adhere to the so-called Troppau Protocol.
Oliver Goldsmith The Good-natured Man She Stoops to Conquer - Societies for the Reformation of Manners — against the blasphemy and obscenity detected on stage during the s. Similarly, while the Catholic Church was favored in this period religious orders were allowed to return and clergymen and religious institutions in general became notoriously richerthe basic subjugation of the church to the state that had taken place over the eighteenth century and that had been consolidated by the Revolution and Napoleon's Concordat ofwas not undone.
Annus Mirabilis — a poem which celebrates the English naval victory over the Dutch, the fortitude of the people and the King during the Great Fire. Only one now continues: Rochester's interest was in inversion, disruption, and the superiority of wit as much as it was in hedonism.
The prefaces to Gondibert show the struggle for a formal epic structure, as well as how the early Restoration saw themselves in relation to Classical literature.
Also during the later part of the period, Charles Gildon and Edmund Curll began their work on hireling "Lives. The novelty would show in the literature of sceptical inquiry, and the Gallicism would show in the introduction of Neoclassicism into English writing and criticism.
To celebrate the opening of the theatres Restoration plays were lavish, often immoral by Puritan standards, and poked fun at both royalists and roundheads. Also published on religion and on government, combating the divine right of kings; civil state is for him the result of the contract like the Glorious Revolution and the sovereign is not above the law.
Dryden was also engaged in the theory of theatre and criticism. Yet in reality "restoration" was only one of a range of options available to the allies who met at the Congress of Vienna and to individual regimes as they emerged from the turmoil of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars.
Neither aristocratic title nor ecclesiastical office brought with it fiscal or judicial immunities or privileges. John Dryden — Annus Mirabilis — a poem which celebrates the English naval victory over the Dutch, the fortitude of the people and the King during the Great Fire.
Although Muddiman's productions are the first regular news accounts, they are still not the first modern newspaper, as the work was sent in manuscript by post to subscribers and was not a printed sheet for general sale to the public.
Poetry[ edit ] The Restoration was an age of poetry. Fox, and William Pennmade public vows of pacifism and preached a new theology of peace and love. Societies for the Reformation of Manners began to attack the blasphemy and obscenity detected on stage during the s.
A single, large sheet of paper might have a written, usually partisan, account of an event. English literature: The Restoration For some, the restoration of King Charles II in led many to a painful revaluation of the political hopes and millenarian expectations bred during two decades of civil war and republican government.
The mid seventeenth-century was a time of great social and cultural turmoil. A series of political and military conflicts, now known as the English Civil War or the English Revolution, was waged intermittently between Parliamentarians and Royalists from to Restoration Literature.
Political, social and economic background to Restoration England: – the Restoration of monarchy in England. - Glorious Revolution - establishment of a king by contract: William of Orange and Mary were parliamentary monarchs Economic situation: the so-called Commercial Revolution – growing trade with the colonies.
Restoration, in English history, the reestablishment of the monarchy on the accession () of Charles II  after the collapse of the Commonwealth (see under commonwealth ) and the Protectorate .
Dec 02, · Watch video · The invasion of England by a Scottish army seeking religious concessions in and again in precipitated political deadlock in London, which paved the way for a rebellion by Catholic.
The Restoration of the English monarchy took place in the Stuart period. and the period of several years afterwards in which a new political settlement was established. It is very often used to cover the whole reign of Charles II Religious settlement.Political and religious background of the english restoration